In contrast to the acts subject to criminal punishment, misdemeanors are distinguished by a lower degree of social danger, by the size of the damage as well as the subject of the misdemeanor. However, sometimes people face a paradoxical fact – the sanctions for this type of cases are tougher and exceed the criminal sanctions. First of all, what is described refers to the sanction in the form of a fine. At the same time, for the commission of the contravention, both individuals and legal persons can be held liable. Depending on the field, contravention cases are divided into several categories. The most frequently committed are contraventions related to road traffic safety, entrepreneurial activity, taxes and duties, and to the customs field.